DEFINITION OF PROPOSAL:
“A proposal is an individual's or company's offer to produce a product or render a service to a potential buyer or sponsor.”A proposalis alsoknown as a workplan, prospectus,and outline,statement of intent or draft plan.
WHAT IS RESEARCH PROPOSAL:
BY UMA SEKARAN:
“A document that sets out the purpose of the study and the researchdesign details of the investigation to be carried out by the researcher.”
“A written statement of the research design that includes a statementexplaining the purpose of a study and a detailed systematic outline of a particular research methodology.”
EXPLANATION OF RESEARCH PROPOSAL:
The research proposal drawn up bythe investigator is the result of a planned, organized and careful effort and basicallycontains the following:1) Broad goals of the study2) The specific problem to be investigated3) Details of the procedures to be followed4) The research design offering details on:i) The sampling Designii) Data collection methodsiii) Data analysis5) Time frame of the study6) The budget, detailing the costs with reference to specific items of expenditure.
PURPOSE OF THE RESEARCH PROPOSAL:
1) To present the management question to be researched and relate its importance.2) To discuss the research efforts of others who have worked on related managementquestions.3) To suggest the data necessary for solving the management question and how the datawill be gathered, treated and interpreted.4) To present the researcher's plan,
services and credentials in the best possible way toencourage the proposal's selection over competitors.5) To help the researcher to define the contents and to plan and execute his/her research project.6) To inform potential collaborators and supporters about the topic and the expectedquality of the research.
TYPES OF RESEARCH PROPOSAL:
There are two types of research proposala) Internal Proposal b) External Proposal
“A proposal done by staff specialists or by the researchdepartment within the organization is called internal proposal.”
“A proposal sponsored by university grant committees,Government agencies, Government contractors, non-profit organizations, or corporationis called External proposal.External proposal can be divided into two parts.
Two Types of External Proposal:a) Solicited Proposal b) Unsolicited Proposal
“A proposal which is made in response to a request for proposalis called solicited proposal.”
“A proposal which represents a suggestion by a contractresearcher for research that might be done is called unsolicited proposal.”
ELEMENTS OF RESEARCH PROPOSAL:
Methodology and research methods
Category: Research proposal