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WHAT IS AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPH

WHAT IS AN ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY?

Examples Using MLA format, APA Format and Chicago/Turabian Format

An annotated bibliography is a list of citations to books, articles, documents , websites and others sources of information on a particular topic . Each citation is followed by a descriptive and evaluative paragraph, the annotation .  The annotation is often about 100-200 words .It is common for 2-4 sentences to summarize the main idea of the items and 1-2 sentences to relate the article to your research topic.The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance, accuracy, and quality of the sources cited.  

The student will want to check the assignment for their class very carefully and follow the parameters as assigned by the faculty.  There is a lot of individual variations in the requirements for assigned annotated bibliographies   If you have any questions in regard to your assignment, be sure to talk to your faculty.

ANNOTATIONS VS. ABSTRACTS
In contrast to annotations, an abstract is apurely descriptive summaries often found at the beginning of scholarly journal articles or in periodical indexes. Annotations , however,are descriptive and critical; they expose the author's point of view, clarity and appropriateness of expression, and authorityand they relate the source to the topic of the bibliography.  The use of abstracts copied from electronic databases or other sources can be easily detected and will result in a charge of plagairism.

CHOOSE THE CORRECT STYLE FOR YOUR BIBLIOGRAPHY. Common style guides:

Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association,5 th ed. (2001)
   
U sed by writers in the social sciences and some natural sciences.
MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers,7 th ed. ( 2009 )
   
U sed by writers in many disciplines in the humanities.
Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed.
   
U sed by writers in many disciplines in the humanities and social sciences.
A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, Kate L. Turabian, 7th edition
    U sed by writers in many disciplines in the humanities and social sciences.
    Turabian is a simplified version of Chicago style.  Consult Chicago when in doubt.

1.  A copy of each of these books is kept at the Reference Desk
2.  Always check to see what style guide your professor wants you to use.

SAMPLE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRY F ROMA JOURNAL ARTICLE

Th is example usesthe APA format for the journal citation:
(Online version of the article)

G

oldschneider, F. K., Waite, L. J., & Witsberger, C. (1986). Nonfamily living and
 

th

e erosion of traditional family orientations among young adults.American Sociological Review,

51,541-554.

retrieved from

http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095586

The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In

contrast, an earlier study by

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Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result ofnonfamilyliving.   This study was especially useful as these researchers not

only had an especially large sample to work with but their results clearly demonstrated the liberating effect that nonfamily living had on their females subjects.

for more information seePublication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed. (200 9 ) 9.03, p368

This example uses the MLA format for the journal citation:
(Online version of the article)

Waite, Linda J., Frances Kobrin Goldscheider, and Christina Witsberger. "Nonfamily Living and
 
the Erosion of Traditional Family Orientations Among Young Adults."American Sociological

 Review51 (1986): 541-554.Academic Search Premier. Web. 16 Sept. 2011.

The authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.This study was especially useful as these researchers not only had an especially large sample to work with but their results clearly demonstrated the liberating effect that nonfamily living had on their females subjects.

 

for more information see: MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, p145

This example uses the Chicago/Turabian format for the journal citation
(Online version of the article)

Waite, Linda J.,

et all.,

"Nonfamily Living and Living and

the Erosion of Traditional Family Orientations
           Among Young Adults."

A

merican Sociological Review51

, no. 2

(1986): 541-554.

           http://www.jstor.org/stable/2095586 (accessed September 16, 2011).

        T

he authors, researchers at the Rand Corporation and Brown University, use data from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Young Men to test their hypothesis that nonfamily living by young adults alters their attitudes, values, plans, and expectations, moving them away from their belief in traditional sex roles. They find their hypothesis strongly supported in young females, while the effects were fewer in studies of young males. Increasing the time away from parents before marrying increased individualism, self-sufficiency, and changes in attitudes about families. In contrast, an earlier study by Williams cited below shows no significant gender differences in sex role attitudes as a result of nonfamily living.

This study was especially useful as these researchers not only had an especially large sample to work with but their results clearly demonstrated the liberating effect that nonfamily living had on their females subjects.

According to Chicago, see page 613... "annotations may a simply follow the publications details or may start a new line, often with a paragraph.indention."
According to Turabian, see page 148..."annotations should begin on a new line with a paragraph indention."

Prepared by Cynthia Bruns (cbruns@fullerton.edu) An administrative page of the Paulina June & George Pollak Library at California State University, Fullerton. (c) 2008California State University, Fullerton. http://www.library.fullerton.edu All rights reserved , updated September 2011

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